What does a Medical Laboratory Scientist do?

Medical laboratory scientists analyze biological specimens; they perform scientific tests on samples and report findings to physicians. They perform these tests using sophisticated equipment including a microscope and use the data to identify and treat ailments and diseases including cancer, diabetes, or heart disease. They work closely with physicians and medical laboratory technicians to diagnose and monitor disease processes and assist in monitoring the effectiveness of therapy.

Medical laboratory scientists examine and analyze blood, body fluids, tissues, and cells, and relay test results to physicians. They cross-match blood for potential transfusion information and monitor patient outcomes. They perform differential cell counts and check for abnormal cells that aid in the diagnosis of anemia or leukemia. They establish quality assurance to monitor and ensure test results’ accuracy and oversee medical laboratory technicians’ work. Medical laboratory technicians need a bachelor's degree in medical technology, clinical laboratory science, or related fields.

EducationAssociate's Degree
Work/Life Balance
3.3 ★
Salary Range--
Career Opportunity
3.3 ★
Avg. Experience0-1 year

Medical Laboratory Scientist Salaries

Average Base Pay

$59,407 /yr
Same as national average
Not including cash compensation
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Median: $59K
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Glassdoor Estimated Salary

Medical Laboratory Scientist Career Path

Learn how to become a Medical Laboratory Scientist, what skills and education you need to succeed, and what level of pay to expect at each step on your career path.

Medical Laboratory Scientist
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Medical Laboratory Scientist Insights

Read what Medical Laboratory Scientist professionals have to say about their job experiences and view top companies for this career.
Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center
Medical Laboratory Scientist
Sep 23, 2020

“Provides career growth and has the best training ground”

AAR Health Services
Medical Laboratory Scientist
May 24, 2021

“I want to update career wise and i need financial income.”

LifeCare Medical CenterLifeCare Medical Center
Medical Lab Scientist
Mar 21, 2021

“I was a student in the lab of this facility where I was verbally abused.”

Antech DiagnosticsAntech Diagnostics
Laboratory Generalist II
Sep 20, 2020

“Interesting work and decent benefits for humans and excellent benefits for pets.”

Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital
Medical Laboratory Scientist
Oct 28, 2020

“It is good for learning”

Mayo ClinicMayo Clinic
Medical Laboratory Scientist
Dec 14, 2020

“Great people to work with”

Galway ClinicGalway Clinic
Medical Laboratory Scientist
Jan 13, 2022

“No opportunity for career progression”

North Kansas City HospitalNorth Kansas City Hospital
Medical Laboratory Scientist
Jan 14, 2021

“Nice fun kind caring cool”

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Medical Laboratory Scientist Interviews

Related Careers

Medical Laboratory Technologist
Medical Technologist
38% skills overlap
Laboratory Technologist
25% skills overlap

Medical Laboratory Scientist Jobs

Frequently asked questions about the roles and responsibilities of a medical laboratory scientist

When working as a medical laboratory scientist, the most common skills you will need to perform your job and for career success are ASCP, Dexterity, Effective Communication, Written Communication, and Reviews.

The most similar professions to medical laboratory scientist are:
  • Medical Laboratory Technologist
  • Medical Technologist
  • Laboratory Technologist
  • Phlebotomist

The most common qualifications to become a medical laboratory scientist include a minimum of a Associate's Degree and an average of 0 - 1 years of experience not including years spent in education and/or training.