* time for curiosity driven research, although you must find the way to fit it with the funds, which are mostly from European projects
* no fixed time slots, your can arrange things to work at home (not all the time)
* you can leave for one or two years to work for someone else and have your job when you are back
* you don't have to teach, but you can get students for their thesis from universities
* all the pros are if you are permanent staff and it's very hard to get in because..
* bureaucracy is awful, vacancies are uncertain, applying for a job is kafkian
* the top of the pyramid consist of politicians, incompetence rules
* the pay is low if compared to the same position in almost any other country in Europe
I applied online. The process took a week. I interviewed at National Research Council of Italy.
I got invited for a day to the research institute to give a one hour presentation about my scientific background, then I was introduced to my potential colleagues, taken for lunch while asked about my working experience and future plans. In total it was a professional atmosphere. Present were the leader of the institute and the potential direct supervisor.
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