United StatesDecember 2019

Methodology: The Glassdoor Job Market Report provides a real-time view of hiring trends and wage growth across the U.S. based on millions of online jobs and salaries on Glassdoor. To count job openings, we collect millions of job postings from high-quality online sources including jobs listed on company career sites and applicant tracking systems. Year-over-year comparisons are against the same month in the previous year.

To report pay, we apply a proprietary machine-learning algorithm that estimates median annual base pay for full-time workers. Year-over-year estimates for median salary growth are based on 3-month moving averages. Median base pay is presented in nominal dollars and is not adjusted for inflation or seasonality.

Metro areas are based on U.S. Census Bureau “core-based statistical areas” (CBSAs). December 2019 figures are current as of December 20, 2019.

Quick Links:
Quick Facts
Open Jobs by Industry
 Open Jobs by Employer Size
– Pay by Job Title
– Pay by Industry
– Pay by Employer Size

A list of frequently asked questions is available here. Complete methodology is available here.

U.S. Quick Facts

December 2019 YoY
U.S. Open Jobs 5,641,516 -1.8%
U.S. Median Pay $ 54,614 2.3%

Open Jobs by Industry

Business Services
Open Jobs YoY
Consulting 72,926 -2.5%
Marketing & Advertising 56,822 -10.5%
Accounting & Legal 47,188 10.2%
Private Security 20,840 -26.9%
Other Business Services 10,328 -28.1%
Subtotal 208,104 -7.1%
Construction & Real Estate Services
Open Jobs YoY
Construction 66,554 12.6%
Real Estate 48,374 -16.3%
Architecture & Civil Engineering 44,246 4.2%
Facilities 40,809 1.2%
Subtotal 199,984 0.2%
Consumer Services
Open Jobs YoY
Automotive 95,963 -6.6%
Travel & Tourism 80,477 -14.4%
Beauty & Fitness 80,371 10.5%
Arts & Entertainment 50,962 -6.8%
Telecommunications 34,955 -18.7%
Media & Publishing 24,815 -11.5%
Other Consumer Services 16,937 38.3%
Subtotal 384,479 -5.6%
Finance & Insurance
Open Jobs YoY
Banking & Financial Services 128,167 -5.2%
Insurance 72,572 -13.3%
Subtotal 200,739 -8.3%
Food Services
Open Jobs YoY
Restaurants & Bars 518,217 3.6%
Subtotal 518,217 3.6%
Health Care
Open Jobs YoY
Health Care & Hospitals 924,254 5.4%
Biotech & Pharmaceuticals 76,821 0.5%
Subtotal 1,001,076 5.0%
Production
Open Jobs YoY
Manufacturing 219,746 -11.5%
Aerospace & Defense 84,865 -0.5%
Energy & Utilities 43,115 -18.0%
Other Production 9,248 12.8%
Subtotal 356,974 -9.5%
Public Services
Open Jobs YoY
Education & Schools 210,505 1.4%
Government 118,994 12.9%
Nonprofit 68,871 7.8%
Subtotal 398,369 5.7%
Retail
Open Jobs YoY
Retail 473,692 -7.2%
Supermarkets 87,860 -10.0%
Consumer Electronics 6,948 12.6%
Subtotal 568,501 -7.5%
Tech
Open Jobs YoY
Information Technology 154,230 -5.9%
Computer Software & Hardware 148,767 -12.5%
Internet & Tech 56,635 -14.1%
Subtotal 359,632 -10.1%
Trade & Transportation
Open Jobs YoY
Transportation & Logistics 276,008 -20.0%
Wholesale 29,446 -13.4%
Subtotal 305,455 -19.4%

Open Jobs by Employer Size

Open Jobs YoY
<51 631,390 24.9%
51-200 482,815 6.2%
201-500 461,654 6.5%
501-1000 342,528 -2.4%
1001-5000 910,112 -7.5%
5000+ 2,403,794 -6.2%
Other 409,224 -9.2%
Total 5,641,516 -1.8%

Pay by Job Title

Design
Median Base Pay YoY
Graphic Designer $ 46,963 2.1%
Education
Median Base Pay YoY
Professor $ 89,957 2.1%
Research Assistant $ 30,941 1.9%
Teacher $ 49,298 3.9%
Engineering
Median Base Pay YoY
Civil Engineer $ 71,447 1.8%
Design Engineer $ 74,520 4.8%
Electrical Engineer $ 80,250 1.0%
Field Engineer $ 71,097 -0.2%
Mechanical Engineer $ 76,564 0.9%
Quality Engineer $ 74,386 1.4%
Finance
Median Base Pay YoY
Accountant $ 58,382 2.3%
Bank Teller $ 32,220 1.3%
Claims Adjuster $ 54,828 3.1%
Financial Advisor $ 57,684 7.4%
Financial Analyst $ 64,517 1.1%
Insurance Agent $ 43,796 3.4%
Loan Officer $ 51,339 12.4%
Tax Manager $ 91,773 1.0%
Food Services
Median Base Pay YoY
Barista $ 25,844 3.1%
Bartender $ 34,390 -1.5%
Restaurant Cook $ 29,402 2.2%
Restaurant Manager $ 51,833 2.7%
Server $ 35,155 2.5%
Health
Median Base Pay YoY
Certified Nursing Assistant $ 29,598 4.1%
Emergency Medical Technician $ 36,493 5.2%
Licensed Practical Nurse $ 44,623 0.2%
Medical Assistant $ 34,416 3.0%
Medical Technologist $ 55,945 2.0%
Pharmacist $ 124,611 -0.2%
Pharmacy Technician $ 34,366 5.1%
Physical Therapist $ 76,489 -0.8%
Registered Nurse $ 69,119 2.1%
Human Resources
Median Base Pay YoY
Human Resources Manager $ 73,034 1.4%
Recruiter $ 53,496 4.5%
Labor
Median Base Pay YoY
Construction Laborer $ 42,229 2.8%
Delivery Driver $ 40,967 1.9%
Machine Operator $ 41,567 6.3%
Maintenance Technician $ 46,734 4.2%
Maintenance Worker $ 40,489 2.0%
Technician $ 48,799 2.3%
Truck Driver $ 55,834 1.1%
Warehouse Associate $ 44,660 1.7%
Law
Median Base Pay YoY
Attorney $ 101,916 3.5%
Paralegal $ 51,385 1.7%
Manufacturing
Median Base Pay YoY
Manufacturing Engineer $ 76,185 2.8%
Material Handler $ 37,820 3.1%
Process Engineer $ 81,099 2.2%
Production Manager $ 69,551 2.2%
Media
Median Base Pay YoY
Producer $ 55,181 3.9%
Technical Editor $ 53,659 2.3%
Operations
Median Base Pay YoY
Operations Analyst $ 56,994 1.4%
Operations Manager $ 70,733 2.2%
Security Officer $ 39,942 5.4%
Professional Services
Median Base Pay YoY
Administrative Assistant $ 42,488 2.8%
Business Analyst $ 67,060 1.8%
Business Development Manager $ 71,537 2.4%
Communications Manager $ 69,401 0.4%
Consultant $ 74,844 1.4%
Customer Service Manager $ 56,126 0.9%
Customer Service Representative $ 38,552 3.9%
Marketing Manager $ 69,587 1.1%
Office Manager $ 48,713 2.5%
Product Manager $ 97,498 1.1%
Program Manager $ 76,176 -1.2%
Project Manager $ 76,308 1.1%
Real Estate
Median Base Pay YoY
Property Manager $ 54,960 5.0%
Retail
Median Base Pay YoY
Buyer $ 59,967 3.4%
Cashier $ 28,925 2.8%
Retail Key Holder $ 31,114 5.1%
Store Manager $ 51,238 4.0%
Sales
Median Base Pay YoY
Sales Manager $ 65,050 3.3%
Sales Representative $ 50,486 4.6%
Technology
Median Base Pay YoY
Data Analyst $ 64,022 3.8%
Data Scientist $ 98,652 1.6%
IT Manager $ 85,060 3.0%
Java Developer $ 77,335 -2.1%
Programmer Analyst $ 71,477 2.7%
Software Engineer $ 90,616 2.8%
Solutions Architect $ 109,654 -0.6%
Systems Engineer $ 80,962 1.5%
Technical Support $ 46,801 1.2%
UX Designer $ 78,692 4.4%
Web Designer $ 55,015 1.9%
Web Developer $ 69,312 6.1%

Pay by Industry

Median Base Pay
Accounting & Legal $ 54,667
Aerospace & Defense $ 56,888
Architecture & Civil Engineering $ 54,828
Arts & Entertainment $ 47,614
Automotive $ 49,118
Banking & Financial Services $ 53,658
Beauty & Fitness $ 49,221
Biotech & Pharmaceuticals $ 56,903
Business Services $ 51,635
Computer Software & Hardware $ 55,689
Construction $ 53,347
Consulting $ 54,320
Consumer Electronics $ 48,032
Consumer Services $ 48,687
Education & Schools $ 49,745
Energy & Utilities $ 58,437
Facilities $ 48,731
Farming & Agriculture $ 53,408
Government $ 53,515
Health Care & Hospitals $ 52,619
Information Technology $ 52,785
Insurance $ 53,735
Internet & Tech $ 54,653
Manufacturing $ 54,791
Marketing & Advertising $ 50,882
Media & Publishing $ 51,444
Nonprofit $ 48,812
Private Security $ 49,269
Real Estate $ 51,806
Recruiting & Staffing $ 50,171
Restaurants & Bars $ 48,932
Retail $ 49,208
Supermarkets $ 50,313
Telecommunications $ 52,107
Transportation & Logistics $ 52,569
Travel & Tourism $ 49,709
Wholesale $ 52,447

Pay by Employer Size

Median Base Pay
<51 $ 49,335
51-200 $ 51,350
201-500 $ 52,350
501-1000 $ 53,101
1001-5000 $ 54,206
5000+ $ 55,201